India has been a country that has left a great impression in the world history. In every field of human activity, the Indian has been very active and they have been very successful too. Due to their contributions, they have been awarded some of the rarest awards including Nobel Prize, the highest Civilian Award on this planet. Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to get this award for literature. When it comes to other categories, there are quite a few scientists who have won this prestigious award as well. Though quite a few scientists have attained global popularity, you must know about 3 of the greatest scientists who have contributed greatly to make them immortal in the annals of not only India but also of the whole world.
Following are the three greatest scientists who have contributed with their unparalleled wit and talent:
1. Dr. Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman
Known for his invention ‘The Raman Effect’, Dr. Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman was a great Indian scientist who got Nobel Prize for his invention. Dr. Raman was a scientist who had a great awareness of social welfare. In 1930, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics and he became the first Indian as well as first Asian scientist to get this prestigious recognition. The Raman Effect says that ‘when a light passes through a transparent substance, it scatters.’ His invention proved that any broken ray of light is not monochromatic by nature, whereas the incident was monochromatic by its nature and features. Raman also found that light is made up of tiny particles known as photons.
2. Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha
You can estimate the greatness and achievements of this Indian scientist by the fact that the biggest Indian Atomic Research Center has been named after him. On the request of Dr. C V Raman, he joined the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore as a distinguished guest reader. By dint of his hard work and exceptional talent, he decided to establish the atomic research center that he wanted to dedicate for atomic research only. The credit of establishing the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) goes to this great Indian scientist. It was founded in 1948 in Trombay in Mumbai. It was under his superb guidance, the first Indian atomic reactor, ‘Apsara’ was established and dedicated to the nation. It is worth mentioning that the Indian Atomic power project is dedicated to this great Indian Physicist.
3. Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabedeen Abdul Kalam
Known all over the world as the ‘Missile Man of India, Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam is not an ordinary man. His outstanding knowledge in his own domain has made him immortal throughout the world. A Scientist, An Educationist, and a Great Scholar, Dr. Kalam served the Republic of India as the 11th President of India. Born on October 15, 1931, Dr. Kalam led the Indian Space Technology to an amazing height that has made India a country with the best space technology. It was due to his guidance and leadership, India got its Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV3). The same space vehicle put Rohini, the first Indian satellite into the orbit successfully. He led the DRDO to invent the best missiles that have been indigenously made in the country. Today, if India is regarded as a leading power in missile technology, then the credit goes to the ‘Missile Man of India.’
Though the list of Indian scientists is quite big as many of them contributed in national and international levels, these three Indian scientists have been outstanding due to their contributions. However, one should not forget the names of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai and Dr. Jagadish Chandra Basu, whose contributions were absolutely great and worth remember.