The 88th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by AMPAS (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences), honored the best motion pictures of 2015 and took place on February 28, 2016, at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles. AMPAS commonly known as The Oscars was awarded in 24 categories.
Let us see these categories and awards one by one
1.Best Actor: Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio – The Revenant as Hugh Glass
He is an American actor and film producer. In 1993 he started his film career as Josh in Critters 3. Leonardo has received critical acclaim for his work in a wide range of film genres. DiCaprio’s larger than life portrayals of Howard Hughes in The Aviator (2004) and Hugh Glass in The Revenant (2015) won him the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, and his role as Jordan Belfort in The Wolf of Wall Street (2013) helped him to win The Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. DiCaprio won his first Academy Award and BAFTA Award for his performance in The Revenant. This eccentric actor is also the founder of his own production company, Appian Way Productions.
- Best Actress: Brianne Sidonie Desaulniers – Room as Joy “Ma” Newsome
She is professionally known as Brie Larson, is an American actress, director, and singer. As a teenager, Larson had brief roles in the 2004 films 13 Going on 30 and Sleepover. Her comedy film Hoot (2006) was praised for her performance, and she, later on, played supporting roles in the films Greenberg (2010), Scott Pilgrim vs. the World (2010), 21 Jump Street (2012), and Don Jon (2013). In the television series “United States of Tara” which was aired between 2009 to 2011, Larson featured as a rebellious teenager. She is currently a multi-award winning actress for her portrayal of a troubled mother kidnap victim in the film Room, including the Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Critic’s Choice Award, and Golden Globe.
- Sir David Mark Rylance Waters : Bridge of Spies as Rudolf Abel
He is an English actor, theatre director and playwright. He appeared in Prospero’s Books (1991), Angels and Insects (1995), Institute Benjamenta (1996), and Intimacy (2001). He holds the Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of Rudolf Abel in Bridge of Spies (2015) which won him the Academy and the BAFTA Award.
- Alicia Vikander – The Danish Girl as Gerda Wegener
She is a former dancer and a Swedish actress. Vikander made her feature film debut in Pure (2010), which helped her win the Guldbagge Award for Best Actress. She was widely praised for effortlessly portraying the character Princess Ekaterina “Kitty” in Joe Wright’s film adaptation of “Anna Karenina” in 2012 and Queen Caroline Mathilde in the acclaimed Danish film A Royal Affair, and was nominated for BAFTA Rising Star Award. In 2014 and 2015, Alicia achieved global recognition and acclaim for her roles as activist Vera Brittain in Testament of Youth, a humanoid robot in Ex Machina (for which she achieved a nomination for the Golden Globe and BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actress) and painter Gerda Wegener in The Danish Girl, for which she finally received the Academy Award and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actress.
- Alejandro González Iñárritu: Best Director The Revenant
Alejandro is a Mexican film director, producer, screenwriter, and former composer.
He is the first Mexican director who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director followed by the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing, for Babel (2007). He is collectively known as “The Three Amigos of Cinema” as he is friends with fellow Mexican directors Guillermo del Toro and Alfonso Cuarón. In 2015, Alejandro won the Academy Award for Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, and Best Picture for the motion picture Birdman. The following year, he won the Academy Award for Best Director for The Revenant, making Iñárritu the third director to win back to back Academy Awards and the first since 1950.
- Emmanuel Lubezki Morgenstern : Best Cinematography The Revenant
Sometimes known by the nickname Chivo, which means “goat” in Spanish is a Mexican cinematographer. He is known for path-breaking uses of natural lighting and continuous uninterrupted shots in cinematography. His praiseworthy work was liked by both audience and critics which earned him eight Academy Award nominations for Best Cinematography. He won three times, in this category becoming the only person to do so in three consecutive years, for Gravity (2013), Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014), and The Revenant (2015).
- Mark Mangini and David White: Best Sound Editing Mad Max: Fury Road
Mark is an accomplished sound editor with over 125 film credits. He recently won the 2015 Academy Award for Best Sound Editing along with Australian sound editor David White for their work on Mad Max: Fury Road. He is renowned for recording and editing a new roar track for Leo the Lion, the MGM lion mascot (ironically, tiger sounds were used for the effect).
- Margaret Sixel: Best Film Editing Mad Max: Fury Road
Margaret is a South African-born, Australian film editor. Best known for her editing in film projects like Babe: Pig in the City (1998), Happy Feet (2006), and Mad Max: Fury Road (2015), for which she won an Oscar for editing. Her style of work extends across numerous genres, such as documentary features, live-action short features, animated comedies, and action epics.
- Lesley Vanderwalt, Elka Wardega, and Damian Martin: Best Makeup and Hairstyling Mad Max: Fury Road
She is a New Zealand cinematic hair designer and makeup artist and has worked as a hair or makeup supervisor on TV shows and films including Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior, Farscape, Moulin Rouge!, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, and The Great Gatsby. She recently won the Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling for the movie Mad Max: Fury Road.
Elka, on the other hand, is an Australian makeup artist, specializing in prosthetic makeup. She made a mark in films such as Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, Moulin Rouge!, and The Chronicles of Narnia film series.
Damien too specializes in prosthetic makeup, especially in creature makeup.
- Colin Gibson and Lisa Thompson: Best Production Design Mad Max: Fury Road
Gibson is an Australian production designer and is known for his collaborations with George Miller, including Babe, Babe 2: Pig in the City, Happy Feet, Happy Feet Two, and Mad Max: Fury Road. The latter fetched him the Academy Award for Best Production Design and an AACTA Award.
Known for her work for Moulin Rouge!, Thompson went on winning an Emmy Award for “The Pacific”, in the category of Outstanding Art Direction for a Miniseries or Movie. She won the Academy Award for Best Production Design for her work in Mad Max: Fury Road.
- Jenny Beavan: Best Costume Design Mad Max: Fury Road
Jenny is an English costume designer and has won two Academy Awards, most recently in 2016 for Costume Design in Mad Max: Fury Road, and has been nominated an additional eight times in her career till now. She also received a Tony Award nomination for Best Costume Design for the play Private Lives. In 2016 she was awarded The BAFTA for Costume Design.
- Thomas Joseph “Tom” McCarthy and Josh Singer: Best Original Screenplay Spotlight
Tom is an American film director, screenwriter, and actor who has appeared in several films, including Meet the Parents, Good Night, and Good Luck, and tele-series such as The Wire, Boston Public, Law & Order, and the Hallmark Hall of Fame presentation of Saint Maybe. He was critically acclaimed for writing and directing independent films like The Station Agent (2003), The Visitor (2007), Win Win (2011), and Spotlight (2015), the last of which secured him the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director.
The singer is an American film and television writer and producer. His work includes writing and producing episodes of The West Wing, Law and Order: Special Victims Unit, Lie to Me, and the FOX produced sci-fi series Fringe. In 2006, Joe was nominated for a WGA award. He co-wrote Spotlight (2015), which helped him achieving the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.
- Adam McKay and Charles Randolph: Best Adapted Screenplay The Big Short
He is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, comedian, and actor.
Adam directed Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy in 2004, Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby in 2006, Step Brothers in 2008, The Other Guys (2010), and Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues (2013). The Big Short (2015) fetched him an Academy Award for Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay.
Randolph too is an American screenwriter and producer for film and television. He wrote for The Life of David Gale (2003), The Interpreter (2005), and Love & Other Drugs (2010). He is the multi-award winner of Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay, BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for co-writing The Big Short in 2015.
- Michael Sugar, Steve Golin, Nicole Rocklin, and Blye Pagon Faust: Best Picture Spotlight
Michael is an American film and television producer and Partner at Anonymous Content, best known for producing Spotlight for which he received an Oscar, The Fifth Estate, and The Knick.
Golin too received Academy Award nominations for Best Picture for producing Babel, The Revenant, and Spotlight, which again had put his name in the Oscar list for the Best Picture. He happens to be the founder and CEO of Anonymous Content LLP.
Rocklin served as producer for films like Middle of Nowhere and The Perfect Guy. She won an Academy Award for Best Picture in the 88th Academy Awards for her work on Spotlight followed by a nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best Film in the 69th British Academy Film Awards.
Faust was the co-producer for The Queen Latifah Show and is also the Oscar winner for Best Picture in the 88th Academy Awards for her work on Spotlight. She too was nominated for the BAFTA for Best Film at the 69th British Academy Film Awards.
- James Napier and Samuel Frederick “Sam” Smith: Best Original Song Spectre
Professionally known as Jimmy, he is an English singer, songwriter and record producer from the UK. He is credited for co-writing the song “Writing’s on the Wall” from the James Bond flick “Spectre”. He was awarded an Oscar too for this song.
Sam holds two times Guinness World Record for his musical achievements and also secured an Oscar for co-writing the Spectre movie song. At the 2015 Billboard Music Awards, Smith received three of them: Top New Artist, Top Male Artist, and Top Radio Songs Artist.
- Ennio Morricone: Best Original Score The Hateful Eight
Ennio is a multi-faceted Italian composer, orchestrator, conductor, and former trumpet player. He is one of the most versatile, experimental and influential composers of all time, working in any medium. His exceptional sense of music has helped him in achieving an Oscar for the Best Original Score – The Hateful Eight.
- László Nemes: Best Foreign Language Film Son of Saul
Nemes is a Hungarian film director and screenwriter. His debut film Son of Saul won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and was also screened at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. By winning an Oscar he became the first Hungarian director whose film has won a Golden Globe.
- Benjamin Cleary and Serena Armitage: Best Live Action Short Film Stutterer
Serena is a director and producer from Yorkshire, best known for producing short-film Stutterer that earned her an Academy for Best Live Action Short Film.
This space is also shared by Cleary who is an Irish writer, director and producer from Dublin, and co-winner in the same category along with Ogilvie, a Malaysian-born British producer, and director.
- Asif Kapadia and James Gay-Rees : Best Documentary – [Feature] Amy
Asif, a British filmmaker has directed several award-winning films including the documentary feature Amy. Amy became the highest grossing documentary of all time in the UK, for which he won the Academy Award and Grammy Award in 2016.
James is a British film producer and has been involved in the production of numerous films, including critically acclaimed documentaries Senna (2010) and Amy (2015) for which he received an Oscar.
- Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy : Best Documentary – [Short Subject] A Girl in the River: The Price of Forgiveness
This talented filmmaker is a Pakistani journalist and an activist. Her most notable feature includes animated adventure 3 Bahadur (2015), the musical – Song of Lahore (2015) and the two Oscar-winning films, the documentary Saving Face (2012) and the biographical A Girl in the River: The Price of Forgiveness (2016). She is best known for her visual contributions which have earned her numerous awards, including two Oscars in the Best Short Subject in 2012 and 2016 and two Emmy in the same category in 2010 and 2011.
- Peter Hans “Pete” Docter and Jonas Rivera : Best Animated Feature Film Inside Out
Hans is an American film director, screenwriter, animator, producer and voice actor from Minnesota. He is best known for directing the animated feature films Monsters, Inc. (2001), Up (2009) and Inside Out (2015). He is also a key collaborator and figure at Pixar Animation Studios.
Jonas too produced the Pixar film Up and shared the Oscar with Peter for Inside Out
- Patricio “Pato” Escala Pierart and Gabriel Osorio Vargas: Best Animated Short Film Bear Story
Patricio or “Pato” is a Chilean animator and film producer. His skill in producing, editing and animating the short animated film Bear Story (2015), secured him an Oscar for Best Animated Short Film at the 88th Academy Awards, making it the first Chilean film to do so. He shared the win with director Gabriel Osorio Vargas who is also a Chilean film director.
- Mark Williams Ardington, Sara Bennett, Paul Norris and Andrew Whitehurst: Best Visual Effects Ex Machina
Collectively they all won the Oscar in this category for Ex Machina. Sara did a commendable job in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002), Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004), Harry Potter-Goblet of Fire (2005), Doctor Who (2005), Merlin (2008), Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell (2009), Skellig (2009), The Martian (2015).
Paul is best known for his works in Harry Potter-Prisoner of Azkaban (2004), Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015).
Andrew is best known for his works in Troy (2004), Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005), Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007).
- Chris Jenkins, Gregg Rudloff, and Ben Osmo: Best Sound Mixing Mad Max: Fury Road
As an American sound engineer Chris has won two more Academy Awards for Best Sound namely, Out of Africa (1985), The Last of the Mohicans (1992)
Gregg too won Oscars for, Glory (1989), The Matrix (1999).
Ben is best known for his works Dead Calm (1989), Strictly Ballroom (1991).
Thus, we conclude that the most number of Awards was received by Mad Max: Fury Road with 6 Oscars, The Revenant with 3 Oscars and Spotlight with 2 Oscars.